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Jacek Kozak

Research interest

- Geographic Information Science and Technology (GIS&T)
- land use and land cover change (LUCC), forest cover changes / forest transition
- coupled human - environmental systems
- mountain areas
- theory of geography
- GIS&T education, e-learning

Scientific development

1989 M.Sc., Geography, "Forest-agricultural boundary in the Babia Góra region"

1995 PhD., Earth sciences / Geography, "Spatial model of forest decline in the Silesian Beskid Mts."

2007 Habilitation, Earth sciences / Geography, "Changes of forest cover in the Polish Carpathians in relation to other mountains of the world"

2016 Professor, Earth Sciences


1989-1993: assistant, Chair of Physical Geography, Institute of Geography, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

1993-1997: assistant, GIS Laboratory, Institute of Geography, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

1997-2010: assistant professor (adiunct), GIS Laboratory, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

2004-2006: seconded national expert, Land Management & Natural Hazards Unit, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Commission-DG-JRC, Ispra, Italy

since 2010: professor, GIS Laboratory, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Selected references


Nawar S., Buddenbaum H., Hill J., Kozak J., Mouazen AM., 2016, Estimating the soil clay content and organic matter by means of different calibration methods of vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Soil & Tillage Research 155, 510-522

Kaim D., Kozak J., Kolecka N., Ziółkowska E., Ostafin K., Ostapowicz K., Gimmi U., Munteanu C., Radeloff V.C., 2016, Broad scale forest cover reconstruction from historical topographic maps, Applied Geography 67, 39–48

Kozak J., Szwagrzyk M., 2016, Have there been forest transitions? Forest transition theory revisited in the context of the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem. Area 48(4), 504–512, doi: 10.1111/area.12267


Kolecka N., Kozak J., Kaim D., Dobosz M., Ginzler C., Psomas A., 2015, Mapping Secondary Forest Succession on Abandoned Agricultural Land with LiDAR Point Clouds and Terrestrial Photography, Remote Sensing 7(7), 8300-8322

Munteanu C., Kuemmerle T., Keuler NS., Müller D., Balázs P., Dobosz M., Griffiths P., Halada L., Kaim D., Király G., Konkoly-Gyuró E., Kozak J., Lieskovsky J., Ostafin K., Ostapowicz K., Shandra O., Radeloff VC., 2015, Legacies of 19th century land use shape contemporary forest cover. Global Environmental Change 34, 83–94

Jepsen MR., Kuemmerle T., Müller D., Erb K., Verburg PH., Haberl H., Vesterager JP., Andric M., Antrop M., Austrheim G., Björn I., Bondeau A., Bürgi M., Bryson J., Caspar G., Cassar LF., Conrad E., Chromy P., Daugirdas V., Van Eetvelde V., Elena-Rosselló R., Gimmi U., Izakovicova Z., Jancák V., Jansson U., Kladnik D., Kozak J., Konkoly-Gyuró E., Krausmann F., Mander Ü., McDonaghy J., Pärn J., Niedertscheider M., Nikodemus O., Ostapowicz K., Pérez-Soba M., Pinto-Correia T., Ribokas G., Rounsevell M., Schistou D., Schmit C., Terkenli TS., Tretvik AM., Trzepacz P., Vadineanu A., Walz A., Zhllima E., Reenberg A., 2015, Transitions in European land-management regimes between 1800 and 2010. Land Use Policy 49 (2015) 53–64


Kaim D., Kozak J., Ostafin K., Dobosz M., Ostapowicz K., Kolecka N., Gimmi U., 2014, Uncertainty in historical land-use reconstruction with topographic maps. Quaestiones Geographicae 33(3), 55-63

Kolecka N., Kozak J., 2014, Assessment of the Accuracy of SRTM C-a and X-Band High Mountain Elevation Data: a Case Study of the Polish Tatra Mountains. Pure and Applied Geophysics 171, 897-912

Munteanu C., Kuemmerle T., Boltiziar M., Butsic V., Gimmi U., Halada L., Kaim D., Kiraly G., Konkoly-Gyuro E., Kozak J., Lieskovsky J., Mojses M., Muller D., Ostafin K., Ostapowicz K., Shandra O., Stych P., Walker S., Radeloff V., 2014, Forest and agricultural land change in the Carpathian region – a meta-analysis of long-term patterns and drivers of change. Land Use Policy 38, 685-697

Nawar S., Buddenbaum H., Hill J., Kozak J., 2014, Modeling and Mapping of Soil Salinity with Reflectance Spectroscopy and Landsat Data Using Two Quantitative Methods (PLSR and MARS). Remote Sensing 6, 10813-10834


Kozak J., Ostapowicz K., Bytnerowicz A., Wyżga B. (eds.) 2013, The Carpathians: Integrating Nature and Society Towards Sustainability. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London


Iwanowski M., Kozak J., 2012, Automatic detection of forest regions on scanned old maps. Przegląd Elektrotechniczny 88, 4a, 249-252

Ziółkowska E., Ostapowicz K., Kuemmerle T., Perzanowski K., Radeloff V.C., Kozak J., 2012, Potential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathians. Biological Conservation 146(1), 188-196


Harvey F., Kozak J., 2011, Digital Earth – i co dalej? Roczniki Geomatyki 9(1), 7-18

Kozak J., Björnsen-Gurung A., Ostapowicz K., [eds.] 2011, Research Agenda for the Carpathians 2010-2015. Intergrating Nature and Society towards Susatainability. Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland; Institute for Mountain Research, Innsbruck, Austria; Mountain Research Initiative, Berne, Switzerland

Kozak J., Pyka K. [eds.], 2011, Zdjęcia lotnicze. Atlas fotointerpretacyjny. MGGP Aero, Tarnów

Stereńczak K., Kozak J., 2011, Evaluation of digital terrain models generated in forest conditions from airborne laser scanning data acquired in two seasons. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 26, 374-384


Kozak J., 2010, Forest Cover Changes and Their Drivers in the Polish Carpathian Mountains Since 1800. [in:] Reforesting Landscapes Linking Pattern and Process [eds.] H. Nagendra, J. Southworth, Landscape Series 10, Springer, 253-273

Kozak J., Medak D., Car A., 2010, Curriculum in GIScience - an example from Croatia. Roczniki Geomatyki 8(1), 73-77

Hostert P., Kozak J., Kaim D., Kuemmerle T., Mueller D., Ostapowicz K., 2010, Land use and land cover change in the Carpathians after 1989. [in:] Europe's ecological backbone: recognizing the true value of our mountains. EEA Report 6/2010, 120-122 (Box. 7.1)


Björnsen-Gurung A., Bokwa A., Chełmicki W., Elbakidze M., Hirschmugl M., Hostert P., Ibisch P., Kozak J., Kuemmerle T., Matei E., Ostapowicz K., Pociask-Karteczka J., Schmidt L., van der Linden S., Zebisch M., 2009, Global Change resarch in the Carpathian Mountain Region. Mountain Research and Development 29(3), 282-288

Knorn J., Rabe A., Radeloff V. C., Kuemmerle T., Kozak J., Hostert P., 2009, Land cover mapping of large areas using chain classification of neighboring Landsat satellite images. Remote Sensing of Environment 113, 957-964

Kozak J., 2009, Land Use Change in the Northern Carpathians. [w:] Global Change and Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions, [in.] R. Jandl, Borsdorf, A. van Miegroet, R. Lackner, R. Psenner. Alpine Space - Man & Environment 7, Innsbruck University Press, 93-96

Kozak J., Szablowska-Midor A., 2009, Pożądane kompetencje absolwentów studiów geoinformatycznych: doświadczenia Instytutu Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Roczniki Geomatyki 7(6), 73-80

Kozak J., Werner P., Zwoliński Z., 2009, Kształcenie w zakresie geoinformatyki na kierunku geografia. Roczniki Geomatyki 7(3), 57-73

Kuemmerle T., Kozak J., Radeloff V. C., Hostert P., 2009, Differences in forest disturbance among land ownership types in Poland during and after socialism. Journal of Land Use Science 4, 73-83

Main-Knorn M., Hostert P., Kozak J., Kuemmerle T., 2009, How pollution legacies and land use histories shape post-communist forest cover trends in the Western Carpathians. Forest Ecology and Management 258, 60-70


Kozak J., 2008, Nauczanie teorii i technologii informacji geograficznej na studiach geograficznych na Uniwersytecie Jagiellońskim: uwarunkowania i perspektywy. Roczniki Geomatyki 6(5), 39-48

Kozak J., Estreguil C., Ostapowicz K., 2008, European forest cover mapping with high resolution satellite data: The Carpathians case study, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 10, 1, 44-55

Kozak J., Estreguil C., Ostapowicz K., 2008, Changes of the forest spatial pattern in the northern Carpathians in the 20th century. 11th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science 2008. Taking Geoinformation Science One Step Further. Eds. L. Bernard, A. Friis-Christensen, H. Pundt, I. Compte. 5-8 May 2008, Girona, Catalonia, Spain, 3 pp

Ostapowicz K., Vogt P., Riitters KH., Kozak J., Estreguil C., 2008, Impact of scale on morphological spatial pattern of forest. Landscape Ecology 23, 1107-1117


Kozak J., Estreguil C., Troll M., 2007, Forest cover changes in the northern Carpathians in the 20th century: a slow transition. Journal of Land Use Science 2, 127-146.

Kozak J., Estreguil C., Vogt P., 2007, Forest cover and pattern changes in the Carpathians over the last decades, European Journal of Forest Research 126, 77-90.

Riitters KH., Vogt P., Soille P., Kozak J., Estreguil C., 2007, Neutral model analysis of landscape patterns from mathematical morphology, Landscape Ecology, 22, 1033-1043.

Vogt P., Riitters KH., Estreguil C., Kozak J., Wade TG., Wickham JD., 2007, Mapping Spatial Patterns with Morphological Image Processing, Landscape Ecology 22, 171-177.

Vogt P., Riitters KH., Iwanowski M., Estreguil C., Kozak J., Soille P., 2007, Mapping Landscape Corridors, Ecological Indicators 7, 481-488.


Ostapowicz K., Estreguil C., Kozak J., Vogt P., 2006, Assessing forest fragmentation and connectivity: a case study in the Carpathians. SPIE Digital Library, The Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology VI Conference Proceedings Vol. 6366, 636608 (Oct. 3, 2006), ss. 10, http://spiedl.aip.org/journals/doc/SPIEDL-home/proc/.

Szablowska-Midor A., Kozak J., Widacki W., 2006, UNIGIS studies in Poland - learning GIS at distance [w:] Teaching Geography in Europe using GIS. Proceedings and presentations of the ESRI European User Conference 2006 in participation with HERODOT, red. K. Donert, ESRI Inc. with Herodot

Vogt P., Estreguil C., Kozak J., 2006, Automatic assessment of forest landscape, [w:] Patterns and processes in forest landscape, Consequences of human management. [red.] R. Lafortezza, G. Sanesi, Proceedings of the 4th Meeting of IUFRO Working Party 8.01.03, Sept. 26-29, 2006, Locorotondo, Bari, Italy, 373-377.


Kozak J., 2005, Zmiany powierzchni lasów w Karpatach Polskich na tle innych gór świata. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków, 135 ss.


Jezioro P., Kozak J., 2004. Wprowadzenie do GIS. Ćwiczenia. Wyd. 2, zmienione i poszerzone. Wydawnictwo TEXT, 109 ss.

Kozak J., 2004, Globalne cyfrowe modele wysokości - stan obecny i perspektywy. Teledetekcja środowiska 33, 119-124.

Kozak J., 2004. Współczesne zmiany powierzchni leśnej w górach świata [Contemporary changes of forest cover in the mountains of the world]. Przegląd Geograficzny 76, 3, 309-328.

Kozak J., Ostapowicz K., Szablowska-Midor A., Widacki W., 2004, Land abandonment in the Western Beskidy Mts. and its environmental background, Ekologia, Bratislava 23, 1, s.116-126.


Kozak J., 2003. Dokładność globalnych map użytkowania ziemi i pokrycia terenu na przykładzie Global Land Cover Characterization Data Base [Accuracy of global land use and land cover datasets with Global Land Cover Characterization Data Base as an example]. Archiwum Fotogrametrii, Kartografii i Teledetekcji, 13A, 97-107.

Kozak J., 2003, Forest cover changes in the Western Carpathians over the past 180 years: a case study from the Orawa region in Poland. Mountain Research and Development 23, 4, 369-375


Kozak J., Troll M., 2002, Environmental controls of land use and land cover mosaic in selected mountain chains of Eurasia. In: Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, [red.] R. Bottarin, U. Tappeiner, Blackwell Verlag, 72-80.


Kozak J., 2001, Wykorzystanie danych globalnych do badania rozmieszczenia ludności i użytkowania ziemi w wybranych górach świata, Geoinformatica Polonica, 3, 17-28.


Kozak J., Troll M., Widacki W., 1999, Degradacja lasów [w:] Przemiany środowiska przyrodniczego zachodniej części Beskidów pod wpływem antropopresji, [red.] W. Widacki, Instytut Geografii UJ, Kraków, s. 33-84.

Kozak J., Troll M., Widacki W., 1999, Semi-natural Landscapes of the Western Beskidy Mts. Ekologia, Bratislava, t. 18, 1, s. 53-62.

Kozak J., Orłowska E., Wilczyński W., 1999, Co jest istotą geografii ? [w:] Geografia polska u progu trzeciego tysiąclecia, [red.] B. Domański, W. Widacki, Instytut Geografii UJ, Kraków, 1999, t. IV, s. 27-39.


Blaschke T., Carlisle B., Heywood I., Karoń I., Kenton S. Kozak J., Lang S., Lorup E., Schwap A., Skowron M., Smith G., Strobl J., Tomlinson S., Troll M., Ulman B., Widacki W., Wójcik L., 1998, EnviroGIS case studies. CD-ROM, Jagiellonian University, Manchester Metropolitan University, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg.


Kozak J., 1997, Wprowadzenie do Systemów Informacji Geograficznej. Ćwiczenia. Instytut Geografii UJ, Kraków, 96 ss.


Kozak J., 1996, Przestrzenny model degradacji lasów Beskidu Śląskiego, [w:] Nowa generacja w badaniach gospodarki przestrzennej, [red.] Domański R., Biuletyn KPZK z. 174, s. 511-538.


Kozak J., Troll M., Widacki W 1995, The Anthropogenic Upper Treeline in the Silesian Beskid Mts., Zeszyty Naukowe UJ, Prace Geograficzne 98, s. 199-207.


Barszcz J., Kozak J., Widacki W., 1994, The Forest Degradation in the Silesian Beskid Mts., Karpaty Mts., Poland. GIS'94 Symposium, Conference Proceedings, Vancouver, Canada, s. 895-900.

Kozak J., 1994, A GIS-based Study of Forest Damage Pattern in the Silesian Beskid Mts. AGIT '94, Salzburg, Austria, Salzburger Geographische Materialien 21, s. 385-90.

Kozak J., 1994, Dyfuzyjny model granicy rolno-leśnej Działów Orawskich, Czasopismo Geograficzne 65, 1, s. 23-36.

Kozak J., Troll M., 1994, Wykorzystanie zdjęć satelitarnych do badania deforestacji w Beskidzie Śląskim, Fotointerpretacja w Geografii 24, s. 82-89.


Kozak J., 1992, Fizycznogeograficzne uwarunkowania przebiegu granicy rolno-leśnej w rejonie Babiej Góry, Problemy Zagospodarowania Ziem Górskich 35, s. 123-36.